Pompey in the Temple of Jerusalem, by Jean Fouquet
Interesting how the Holy of Holies resembles the Roman Catholic High Altar - suggesting a deeper understanding of a hermeneutic of continuity perhaps...
"Naturally the altar and priest were separated from the faithful, who, as St. Athanasius (Quaest. ad Antioch., 37) and Clement of Alexandria (Stromata VII.7) inform us, were instructed by the Apostles to pray, according to the traditions of the Mosaic Law, facing the East." - New Advent